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Basic English Grammar: Adverb – 2
Basic English Grammar: Adverb - 2
TYPES OF ADVERB AND THEIR POSITION
1) Adverb of Time
2) Adverb of Place
3) Adverb of Manner
4) Adverb of Frequency
5) Adverb of Clauses
6) Adverb of Degree
Adverbs of Time
What is an adverb of time?
Adverbs that change or qualify the meaning of a sentence by telling us when things happen are defined as adverbs of time. E.g.: ‘ago’, ‘since’, ‘before’, ‘yet’, ‘today’, ‘yesterday’, ‘now’, then’, ‘already’, ‘soon’, ‘once’, ‘till’, ‘early’, ‘late’, ‘nowadays’, etc.
- The newspaper arrives daily.
- They go out to dinner weekly.
- Our family goes on an outing monthly.
Adverbs of Place
What is an adverb of place?
Adverbs that change or qualify the meaning of a sentence by telling us where things happen are defined as adverbs of place. Some instructors refer to these words or phrases as spatial adverbs. No matter what they are called, these adverbs always answer one important question: Where?
These simple rules for adverbs of place will help you to use them in the right way:
- An adverb of place always talks about the location where the action is being carried out.
- Adverbs of place are normally placed after a sentence’s object or main verb.
- Adverbs of place can be directional. For example: Up, down, around, away, north, southeast
- Adverbs of place shall sometime refer to measurement of distances.
- For example: Nearby, far away, miles apart
- An adverb of place shall indicate an object’s position in relation to another object. For example: Below, between, above, behind, through, around and so forth.
- Many adverbs of place indicate movement in a particular direction and end in the letters “-ward or -wards”. For example: Toward, forward, backward, homeward, westward, eastwards, onwards and so on.
Adverbs of Manner
What is an adverb of manner?
Adverbs of manner describe how an action is being done or how something happens. For example, it is possible to walk or run at different speeds (quickly or slowly).
There are a few rules to remember regarding adverbs of manner:
- While using these adverbs, be careful not to place them between the object and the verb. They often fit best after the object of the Verb or the main verb.
- If there is a preposition before the object, the adverb of manner may be placed either before the preposition or after the object of the verb.
Adverbs of Frequency
What are adverbs of frequency?
Adverbs that change or qualify the meaning of a sentence by telling us how often or how frequently something happens are defined as adverbs of frequency.
An adverb of frequency sounds like an adverb of time. Adverbs of frequency always describe how often something occurs, either in definite or indefinite terms. An adverb that describes definite frequency or periodicity is one such as weekly, daily, or yearly. An adverb describing indefinite frequency doesn’t specify an exact time- frame; examples are sometimes, often, rarely, ‘hardly’, ‘usually’, ‘often’, ‘daily’, ‘normally’, ‘everyday’, etc.
These simple rules for adverbs of frequency will help you to use them correctly:
- Adverbs of frequency are often used to indicate routine or repeated activities, so they are often used with the simple present tense.
- If a sentence has only one verb, place the adverb of frequency in the middle of the sentence so that it is positioned after the subject but before the verb.
For example: Tom never flies. He always takes the bus.
- When a sentence contains more than one verb, place the adverb of frequency before the main verb.
For example: They have often visited Europe.
- When using an adverb of frequency in the negative or in forming a question, place it before the main verb.
- For example: Do you usually get up so late?
Adverbs of Degree
What is an adverb of degree?
An adverb of degree is used to discuss the degree or intensity of an adjective, an action, or another adverb. There are so many adverbs of degree that it’s not possible to list them all in one short guide.
Some common examples of adverbs of degree are as below.
Almost, Absolutely, Barely, Completely, Deeply, Enough, Enormously, Extremely, Fairly, Fully, Greatly, Hardly, Incredibly, Practically, Quite, Scarcely, Somewhat, Terribly, Virtually.
Examples of Adverbs of Degree:
Adverbs of degree allow you to be very specific when writing, no matter what the purpose is. In the following examples, the adverbs of degree have been italicized for easy identification.
- They were almost finished
- This cake is absolutely wonderful.
- The temperature was barely above freezing.
- Our driveway is completely frozen.
- We felt incredibly lucky after winning tickets to the World Series.
- My teacher is terribly grumpy today.
An Adverb that qualifies a sentence: (Special forms)
- Luckily, all the passengers escaped from being hurt.
- Obviously, there are defects in the proposed system.
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