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Basic English Grammar: Noun 1

Basic English Grammar Lesson 1: Noun

Parts of speech

1. A category to which a word is assigned in accordance with its syntactic functions.

2. In English the main parts of speech are noun, pronoun, adjective, determiner, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.


A word (other than a pronoun) used to identify any class of people, places, or things (common noun), or to name a particular one of these (proper noun).

Note: In Bank and SSC Exams, Noun is very useful in attending spotting errors, cloze test, and Phrasal improvement Questions.

Some Important types of Noun

Proper Noun:

A name used for an individual person, place, or organization.

EX: Chennai, Ram.

Common Noun:

A noun denoting a class of objects or a concept as opposed to a particular individual.

EX: candle, chair.

Abstract Noun:

A noun denoting an idea, quality, or state rather than a concrete object.

EX: Truth, danger, happiness.

Countable Noun:

Anything that can be counted, whether singular or plural.

Ex: a dog, a house, a friend, a few books, lots of oranges.

Uncountable Noun:

Uncountable nouns are also called Mass nouns, and they need to have “counters” to quantify them.

EX: kilo, cup, meter, rice, flour, cloth.

Collective Noun:

Collective noun is the name we give to a group of nouns to refer to them as one entity.

Ex: A class of students, an army of soldiers.

For Important rules in Noun, to be continued in the Next Article.

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