Basic English Grammar: Verb

Basic English Grammar: Verb

DEFINITION

A verb refers to an action, event or state.

The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and expresses actions, events, or states of being. The verb or compound verb is the critical element of the predicate of a sentence.

THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF VERBS

Present

Past

Past Participle

Present Participle

Abandon

Abandoned

Abandoned

Abandoning

Accept

Accepted

Accepted

Accepting

Go

Went

Gone

Going

Take

Took

Taken

Taking

THE SIX BASIC VERB FORMS

Base Form

Walk

Go

Present

Walk/ Walks

Go/ Goes

Past

Walked

Went

Infinitive

To Walk

To Go

Present Participle

Walking

Going

Past Participle

Walked

Gone

Types of Verbs

Transitive Verb, Intransitive Verb, Linking Verb, Auxiliary Verb, Modal Verb, Abstract Verbs, Phrasal Verbs, Irregular Verbs

Type 1: Transitive Verb

A Transitive verb always has a noun that receives the action of the verb, called the direct object.

Example: arrest, avoid, do, enjoy, find, force, get, give, grab, hit, like, pull, report, shock, take, tell, touch, want, warn etc.,

Example: Dhivya likes a book.

Type 2: Intransitive Verb

An intransitive verb never has a direct or indirect object. Although an intransitive verb may be followed by an adverb or adverbial phrase, there is no object to receive its action.

Example: appear, come, fall, go, happen, matter, sleep, swim, wait, fly, etc.,

Example: Birds fly.

Type 3: Linking Verb

A linking verb connects a subject with its complement. These verbs are often called copular verbs or copulas.

Example: to appear, to feel, to look, to remain, to stay, to taste, to continue, to grow, to prove, to sound, to smell, to turn, etc.,

Example: Ram became a business major.

a) Subjective Complement can be “Adjective”

Example:

– Your face grows red.

– She looks tired.

– His voice sounds pretty.

b) Subjective Complement can be “Noun or Pronoun”

Example:

– She becomes a district governor.

– The robber is you.

Type 4: Modal Verb

Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that are used to express abilities, possibilities, permissions, and obligations.

Example: will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might, must, need, ought to and dare.
Example: A new window could cost around £500.

Type 5: Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs aren’t single words; instead, they are combinations of words that are used together to take on a different meaning to that of the original verb.

Example: The most common adverb particles used to form phrasal verbs are around, at, away, down, in, off, on, out, over, round, up.

Example: The book first came out in 1998.

Type 6: Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are those that don’t take on the regular spelling patterns of simple past and past participle verbs.

Example: Present: cut – put

Past: cut – put

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