Basic English Grammar: Preposition
Basic English Grammar: Preposition
Prepositions are those words which are used to connect nouns, pronouns and phrases in any sentence. Usually preposition indicates the relationship between nouns that how they are connected to each other. It shows that whether words are connected through time, space or place. Usually preposition is placed before a noun or a pronoun.
Types of Prepositions
Type 1: Simple Prepositions
Simple preposition is used in simple sentences. The list of simple prepositions is given below. In, on, at, to, from, with, by etc.
I am not coming with you.
She is in the IT park.
We are going to the market.
Type 2: Compound Prepositions
When we join two nouns, pronouns and phrases, we use compound prepositions. Here is the list of simple prepositions.About, across, among, between, beside, before etc.
We are between two states.
I will reach there before she leaves.
Type 3: Phrase Prepositions
Here is the list of Phrase prepositions. According to, in spite of, an account of, in front of, in order to, for the sake of, by means of, with reference to, in addition to, due to etc.
According to me, there are three members in this family.
She is now in front of me.
Type 4: Participle Prepositions
Participle preposition words are concerning, pending, and considering etc.
I think I can do it easily considering my knowledge.
Type 5: Double Prepositions
These are the words like by outside of, out of, from behind and because of etc.
We have to solve two questions out of 5.
It was just because of you that we won the game.
Frequently Misused Prepositions
Prepositions may sometimes be confused because of slang and the general informality of talk. Some frequently misused prepositions are beside, besides, between, among, due to, inside of.
Type 6: Other Types of prepositions
Prepositions for Time
Prepositions for Place
Prepositions for Direction
Prepositions for Agent
Prepositions for Instruments
1. Preposition of Time
- I go to school daily at nine o’clock.
- My result gets declared in March.
|In||1. Months or Years e.g. in March, in 2005 2. Particular time of a day or a month or an year e.g. in evening, in morning, in the 3rd week of April, in winter, in summer 3. A century or a specific time in past or future etc e.g. in the 20th century, in early days, in the stone age, in future, in past|
|On||1) A Day e.g. on Sunday 2) Dates e.g. on 7th of February, on February 7 3) Particular days e.g. on my birthday, on Independence Day|
|At||1) Time of a clock e.g. at 3 O’clock, at 4:20 PM 2) Short & precise times e.g. at night, at sunset, at noon, at lunch time, at the moment, at bed time.|
2. Prepositions for Place (e.g. on, at, in)
Prepositions of place are used to show the place where something is located such as at, in, on, while, during, near, over, under, between, behind, etc. These prepositions are used for several types of places. e.g. on, at, in.
“In” is mostly used for a place having some sort of (physical or virtual) boundary.
“On” is usually used for a surface
“At” is usually used for a specific place.
Dog is on the floor.
My home is behind the metro station.
Mom is in the room.
3. Prepositions for Direction (e.g. into, to, through, towards)
Prepositions of direction are used to indicate direction of someone or something in the sentence such as over, under, to, on, into, in, onto, right, left, etc. These prepositions express the direction of something. e.g. into, to, through, towards.
They are going to classroom.
The snake was coming toward her.
He threw a ball into a river.
We are going over the bridge.
4. Prepositions for Agent (e.g. by, with)
These prepositions are used to express a causal relationship between the noun (doer) and an action. e.g. by, with etc
A nice book was written by John Keats.
A lot of noise was made by the kids.
5. Prepositions for Instrument, Devices, or Machines
Such prepositions are used for joining nouns (instruments, devices, machines etc) to other words in the sentence. e.g. on, by, with the help of, etc.
He went to home by a car.
This lock cannot be opened with the key.
6. Preposition verb
A preposition verb is a combination of a verb and a preposition. It is simply a verb followed by a preposition. Some verbs require specific prepositions to be used after them in a sentence. The combination of such a verb and its required preposition is called a prepositional verb. Prepositional Verb = Verb + Preposition.
She is suffering from fever.
I agree with you.
I agree to your proposal.
7. Preposition of movement
TO: To is used when we have a specific destination in your mind.
Examples: The kitchen is to your left.
TOWARDS: Towards is basically used to show the direction rather than a destination.
Examples: John was running towards me.
THROUGH: Through is basically used to show the movement across something.
Examples: He cut through the tough steak with a knife.
INTO: Into shows the Movement from outside to inside.
Examples: I got into the room.
ACROSS: Across is used to show the movement from one end to other end.
Examples: Mark walked across the road.
OVER: Over is used to show the position of something when it is above something else.
Examples: The Sugar box is over the desk in the kitchen.
ALONG: Along is used to show the movement across the line.
Examples: We were walking along the river.
IN: In is used to show something’s position in relation to place surrounding it.
Examples: I am going have a picnic in the park.
ON: On is used to show something’s position in relation to a surface.
Examples: There was a box of pens on the table.
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