List of Countries with their Capitals and Currencies 2024 - Static GK - Download Free PDF

List of Countries with their Capitals and Currencies 2024 - Static GK - Download Free PDF

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List of Countries with their Capitals and Currencies 2024 – Static GK – Download Free PDF

Countries, their capital cities and currencies are one of the most crucial topics, particularly in the General Awareness/Financial Awareness/Static General Knowledge section in various government competitive exams such as Bank, Insurance, SSC, Railways, PSC and other recruitment exams. These information are comprehensively covered under the Static GK part, in particular focusing on the names of the countries, their capital cities and official currencies.

This General Awareness/Financial Awareness/Static GK forms an integral part of almost all major government competitive exams. This part forms a significant portion in RBI Grade B Prelims Exam where 80 marks is dedicated to General Awareness/Financial Awareness. It is also crucial in exams such as SBI PO Mains Exam, SBI Clerk Mains Exam, IBPS PO Mains Exam, IBPS Clerk Mains Exam, IBPS RRB PO Mains Exam, IBPS RRB Clerk Exam, RBI Assistant Exam, SSC CGL Exam, SSC CHSL Exam and many other government competitive exams.

Scoring full marks in this section should be the ultimate aim of the competitive exam aspirants as this section include no complex calculations or formulae to memorise. But candidates should be very careful to prepare this section to the fullest extent possible to score the maximum marks without missing their marks.

Questions in this General Awareness/Static GK section are usually aimed to test the capacity of the exam candidates about their awareness about the global landscapes. By assessing the recent Bank, SSC, Railways and other PSC exams, it is imperative to not miss even a single mark in this crucial section. Given the rising competitiveness in major government recruitment exams, acing the General Awareness/Static GK section must remain your top-most priority as this would boost your scores to a considerable level giving the necessary leverage over your competitive peers.

Veranda RACE, as a part of our Static GK Series focusing on major government competitive exams, has prepared this article as a comprehensive blog post along with a downloadable PDF offering you a exhaustive list of major countries of the world, their capital cities and their official currencies. We’ve also come up with a novel approach to easily remember countries that have a common currency name and focused on important countries that have hit the headlines due to their geopolitical importance in current times.

Important Facts & Figures on Countries, Currencies and Capitals:

Veranda RACE has brought you a list of 15 interesting facts about the world’s major countries, currencies and their capitals. Get on a exciting ride with us as we reveal in-depth insights and trivias. This would be an eye-opener for every aspirant before delving into studying countries, their capitals and currencies in detail.

195 United Nations Members

There are a total of 193 member states officially recognised by the United Nations and admitted to UN membership by a decision of the UN General Assembly upon the recommendation of the United Nations Security Council. There are two Non-Member States namely The Holy See and the State of Palestine classified as observer states which contribute majorly during diplomatic dialogues.

World's Most Powerful Passport

Singapore occupied the top spot on the Henly Passport Index 2023 as the World’s Most Powerful Passport in 2023 offering visa-free travel access to 192 countries across the word. It was followed by Japan at the second place while India was ranked at the 80th place.

The World's Latest Republic: Barbados

Barbados, an island country nestled in the eastern Caribbean region of the North America, became the world’s newest republic nation on 30 November 2021. Its government officially removed Queen Elizabeth II as the head of the state (400 years after it became a British colony) but will remain as with the Commonwealth. It transitioned from a parliamentary constitutional hereditary monarchy to a parliamentary republic with this move. Dame Sandra Mason was elected as the President of Barbados and now replaces the Queen of England as the head of state.

The World's Newest Country: South Sudan

The Republic of South Sudan, a landlocked country in the eastern Central Africa, became the world’s youngest nation on 9 July 2011. It is also Africa’s 54th nation. In January 2011, its population voted in an historic referendum to separate from the rest of Sudan. With the city of Juba as its capital, South Sudan is considered the poorest nation in the world by the International Monetary Fund.

Country with the Highest Inflation Rate: Venezuela

Venezuela became the country with the highest inflation in the world in 2023. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), there was a 360 per cent increase in consumer prices (estimated in 2023). The inflation rate in Venezuela is one of the highest in the world, although it is significantly lower than in 2018 (65,000 per cent). Venezuelans primarily use the US dollar, Euro, cryptocurrencies while resorting to bartering as a means to obtain goods and services while using less of Venezuelan Bolivar (its official currency).

 

Euro: The Second Most-used Currency Worldwide

Currently, the Euro (€) is the official currency of 20 out of 27 EU member countries which together constitute the Eurozone. Denmark is legally exempt from ever adopting the Euro as its official currency. Around 341 million people use it every day, making it the second most-used currency worldwide. Euro used as the common currency brought the elimination of exchange rate volatility, easy access to a large and monetarily unified European market and price transparency with it.

Unique Currency Symbol: India's Rupee (₹)

India joined the elite club of US Dollar, Euro, Sterling Pound and Japanese Yen, becoming the fifth currency in the world to have its own currency symbol. Udaya Kumar’s new symbol for the Indian rupee (₹) is a perfect blend of the Indian and Roman letters: a capital ‘R’ and Devanagari ‘ra’.

This symbol is taken from the Devanagari where the parallel lines at the top with white space between them make an allusion to the tricolour Indian flag. It also depicts an equality sign which symbolises the nation’s desire to reduce economic disparity.

Unified Payments Interface (UPI)

UPI, launched by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) in 2016, has surpassed 10 billion digital transactions in August 2023. In terms of value, August 2023 recorded over 15 lakh crores rupees worth of digital transactions conducted via the Unified Payments Interface. It accounts for over 75 per cent of all retail digital transactions in India and consists of 330 million unique users.

Most Capitals for a Single Country: South Africa

South Africa remains the only one country in the world with three capital cities —Pretoria (administrative capital), Cape Town (legislative capital) and Bloemfontein (judicial capital). Cape Town has the unique distinction of possessing more plant species than any other city in the world –1,500 plant species more than its nearest competitor La Paz (Bolivia) according to the City Nature Challenge.

World's Highest Capital: La Paz, Bolivia

La Paz, the administrative capital of Bolivia, located at an altitude of 3,640 metres above sea level is the highest capital city in the world. Hernando Siles Stadium, overlooking the Altiplano mountain range and located in La Paz, is the world’s most elevated stadium.

World's Smallest Country: The Vatican City

The Vatican City, a landlocked country situated on the western bank of the Tiber river, remains the world’s smallest country. It remains as the official seat of the Holy Pope of the Catholic Church since 1377. At present, nearly 75 per cent of The Vatican’s citizens are members of the Vatican’s clergy.

Most Valuable Currency in the World: Kuwaiti Dinar

Kuwaiti Dinar is the highest-valued currency in the world. Since its introduction in 1960, the Kuwaiti Dinar has been consistently ranking as the world’s most valuable currency. The economic stability of Kuwait is driven by the oil reserves and Kuwaiti tax-free system. These contribute to the high demand for the Kuwaiti Dinar.

Weakest Currency in the World: Iranian Rial

Iran’s currency, the Iranian Rial, is the weakest currency in the world. The fall in the Iranian Rial’s value is due to the Revolution in Iran in 1979 that was followed by foreign investors’ withdrawal from Iranian economy. The nuclear programme of Iran and the war with its neighbour also played a huge part in Iran’s financial distress along with other political unrest.

Countries Bordering the Highest Number of Other Countries: China & Russia

The People’s Republic of China shares its international land border with 14 countries. Russia also shares its international land border with 14 other countries.

No. of Countries through which the Equator Passes: 11

The Equator is the imaginary line on our Earth’s surface. It is also equidistant from the two poles of the Earth. This imaginary line divides the Earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. A total of 11 countries around the world lie on the Equator: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Sao Tome & Principe and Indonesia.

Countries, Their Capitals & Currencies of the World:

The table shown below offers a comprehensive list of countries along with their capitals, currencies and the continents to which they belong.

Countries, Capitals & Currencies of Asia

Country

Capital

Currency

Afghanistan

Kabul

Afghani

Armenia

Yerevan

Armenian Dram

Azerbaijan

Baku

Azerbaijanian Manat

Bahrain

Manama

Bahraini Dinar

Bangladesh

Dhaka

Taka

Bhutan

Thimphu

Ngultrum

Brunei

Bander Seri Begawan

Brunei Dollar

Cambodia

Phnom Penh

Riel

China

Beijing

Renminbi/Yuan

Cyprus

Nicosia

Euro

Georgia

Tbilisi

Lari

India

New Delhi

Indian Rupee

Indonesia

Jakarta

Indonesian Rupiah

Iran

Tehran

Iranian Rial

Iraq

Baghdad

Iraqi Dinar

Israel

Tel Aviv / Jerusalem (Unrecognised by most countries)

Israeli Shekel

Japan

Tokyo

Japanese Yen

Jordan

Amman

Jordanian Dinar

Kazakhstan

Astana

Tenge

Kuwait

Kuwait City

Kuwaiti Dinar

Kyrgyzstan

Bishkek

Som

Laos

Vientiane

Kip

Lebanon

Beirut

Lebanese Pound

Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur

Malaysian Ringgit

Myanmar

Naypyidaw

Kyat

Nepal

Kathmandu

Nepalese Rupee

North Korea / Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Pyongyang

Won

Oman

Muscat

Omani Rial

Pakistan

Islamabad

Pakistani Rupee

Philippines

Manila

Philippine Peso

Qatar

Doha

Qatari Rial

Russia

Moscow

Russian Ruble

Saudi Arabia

Riyadh

Saudi Riyal

Singapore

Singapore

Singapore Dollar

South Korea / The Republic of Korea

Seoul

Won

Sri Lanka

Sri Jayewardenepura Kote

Sri Lankan Rupee

Syria

Damascus

Syrian Pound

Tajikistan

Dushanbe

Tajikistani Somoni

Thailand

Bangkok

Thai Baht

Timor-Leste

Dili

United States Dollar

Turkey

Ankara

Turkish Lira

Turkmenistan

Ashgabat

Turkmenistani Manat

United Arab Emirates

Abhu Dhabi

Dirham

Uzbekistan

Tashkent

Uzbekistan Som

Vietnam

Hanoi

Vietnamese Dong

Yemen

Sana’a

Yemeni Rial

Countries, Capitals & Currencies of Europe

Country

Capital

Currency

Albania

Tirana

Albanian Lek

Andorra

Andorra La Vella

Euro

Austria

Vienna

Euro

Belarus

Minsk

Belarusian Ruble

Belgium

Brussels

Euro

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Sarajevo

Bosnia-Herzegovina Convertible Mark

Bulgaria

Sofia

Bulgarian Lev

Croatia

Zagreb

Croatian Kuna

Czech Republic

Prague

Czech Koruna

Denmark

Copenhagen

Danish Krone

Estonia

Tallinn

Euro

Finland

Helsinki

Euro

France

Paris

Euro

Germany

Berlin

Euro

Greece

Athens

Euro

Hungary

Budapest

Hungarian Forint

Iceland

Reykjavik

Iceland Krona

Ireland

Dublin

Euro

Italy

Rome

Euro

Latvia

Riga

Euro

Liechtenstein

Vaduz

Swiss Franc

Lithuania

Vilnius

Euro

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Euro

Malta

Valletta

Euro

Moldova

Chisinau

Moldovan Leu

Monaco

Monaco

Euro

Montenegro

Podgorica

Euro

Netherlands

Amsterdam

Euro

North Macedonia

Skopje

Macedonian Denar

Norway

Oslo

Norwegian Krone

Poland

Warsaw

Polish Zloty

Portugal

Lisbon

Euro

Romania

Bucharest

Romanian Leu

San Marino

San Marino

Euro

Serbia

Belgrade

Serbian Dinar

Slovakia

Bratislava

Euro

Slovenia

Ljubljana

Euro

Spain

Madrid

Euro

Sweden

Stockholm

Swedish Krona

Switzerland

Bern

Swiss Franc

Ukraine

Kiev

Hryvnia

United Kingdom

London

Pound Sterling

Vatican City

Vatican City

Euro

Countries, Capitals & Currencies of North America

Country

Capital

Currency

Antigua & Barbuda

St. John’s

East Caribbean Dollar

Bahamas

Nassau

Bahamian Dollar

Barbados

Bridgetown

Barbados Dollar

Belize

Belmopan

Belize Dollar

Canada

Ottawa

Canadian Dollar

Costa Rica

San Jose

Costa Rican Colon

Cuba

Havana

Cuban Peso

Dominica

Roseau

East Caribbean Dollar

Dominican Republic

Santo Domingo

Dominican Peso

El Salvador

San Salvador

United States Dollar

Grenada

Saint George’s

East Caribbean Dollar

Guatemala

Guatemala

Quetzal

Haiti

Port-au-Prince

Gourde

Honduras

Tegucigalpa

Lempira

Jamaica

Kingston

Jamaican Dollar

Mexico

Mexico City

Mexican Peso

Nicaragua

Managua

Nicaraguan Cordoba

Panama

Panama

Panama Balboa / United States Dollar

Saint Kitts & Nevis

Basseterre

East Caribbean Dollar

Saint Lucia

Castries

East Caribbean Dollar

Saint Vincent & the Grenadines

Kingstown

East Caribbean Dollar

Trinidad & Tobago

Port of Spain

Trinidad & Tobago Dollar

United States of America

Washington D.C

United States Dollar

Countries, Capitals & Currencies of Australia & Oceania

Country

Capital

Currency

Australia

Canberra

Australian Dollar

Fiji

Suva

Fiji Dollar

Kiribati

Tarawa

Australian Dollar

Marshall Islands

Majuro

United States Dollar

Micronesia

Palikir

United States Dollar

Nauru

Yaren

Australian Dollar

New Zealand

Wellington

New Zealand Dollar

Palau

Koror

United States Dollar

Papua New Guinea

Port Moresby

Kina

Samoa

Apia

Tala

Solomon Islands

Honiara

Solomon Islands Dollar

Tonga

Nuku’alofa

Tongan Pa’anga

Tuvalu

Funafuti

Australian Dollar

Vanuatu

Port Vila

Vatu

Countries, Capitals & Currencies of South America

Country

Capital

Currency

Argentina

Buenos Aires

Argentine Peso

Bolivia

La Paz / Sucre

Boliviano

Brazil

Brasilia

Brazilian Real

Chile

Santiago

Chilean Peso

Colombia

Bogota

Colombian Peso

Ecuador

Quito

United States Dollar

Guyana

Georgetown

Guyana Dollar

Paraguay

Asuncion

Guarani

Peru

Lima

Sol

Suriname

Paramaribo

Suriname Dollar

Uruguay

Montevideo

Peso

Venezuela

Caracas

Venezuelan Bolivar

Countries, Capitals & Currencies of Africa

Country

Capital

Currency

Algeria

Algiers

Algerian Dollar

Angola

Luanda

Kwanza

Benin

Porto-Novo

West African CFA Franc

Botswana

Gaborone

Pula

Burkina Faso

Ouagadougou

West African CFA Franc

Burundi

Bujumbura

Burundi Franc

Cape Verde

Praia

Cape Verdean Escudo

Cameroon

Yaoundé

West African CFA Franc

Central African Republic

Bangui

West African CFA Franc

Chad

N’Djamena

West African CFA Franc

Comoros

Moroni

Comoro Franc

Congo

Brazzaville

West African CFA Franc

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kinshasa

Congolese Franc

Djibouti

Djibouti

Djibouti Franc

Egypt

Cairo

Egyptian Pound

Equatorial Guinea

Malabo

West African CFA Franc

Eritrea

Asmara

Nakfa

Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)

Mbabane

Lilangeni

Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

Ethiopian Birr

Gabon

Libreville

West African CFA Franc

Gambia

Banjul

Dalasi

Ghana

Accra

Ghana Cedi

Guinea

Conakry

Guinea Franc

Guinea-Bissau

Bissau

West African CFA Franc

Ivory Coast (Republic of Cote d’Ivoire)

Yamoussoukro

West African CFA Franc

Kenya

Nairobi

Kenyan Shilling

Lesotho

Maseru

Loti

Liberia

Monrovia

Liberian Dollar

Libya

Tripoli

Libyan Dinar

Madagascar

Antananarivo

Ariary

Malawi

Lilongwe

Malawi Kwacha

Mali

Bamako

West African CFA Franc

Mauritania

Nouakchott

Ouguiya

Mauritius

Port Louis

Mauritius Rupee

Morocco

Rabat

Moroccan Dirham

Mozambique

Maputo

Metical

Namibia

Windhoek

Namibian Dollar

Niger

Niamey

West African CFA Franc

Nigeria

Abuja

Nigerian Naira

Rwanda

Kigali

Rwandan Franc

Sao Tome & Principe

Sao Tome

Dobra

Senegal

Dakar

West African CFA Franc

Seychelles

Victoria

Seychelles Rupee

Sierra Leone

Freetown

Leone

Somalia

Mogadishu

Somali Shilling

South Africa

Pretoria (Administrative)

Cape Town (Legislative)

Bloemfontein (Judiciary)

South African Rand

South Sudan

Juba

South Sudanese Pound

Sudan

Khartoum

Sudanese Pound

Tanzania

Dodoma

Tanzanian Shilling

Togo

Lome

West African CFA Franc

Tunisia

Tunis

Tunisian Dinar

Uganda

Kampala

Ugandan Shilling

Zambia

Lusaka

Zambian Kwacha

Zimbabwe

Harare

Zimbabwe Dollar

Embarking on this learning journey of government exam preparation can often feel exhausting and time consuming. During this challenging quest, Veranda RACE emerges as your steadfast learning companion for those delving into the complexities of global and financial affairs. Whether deciphering the intricacies and nuances of countries, capitals or currencies of the world, this article from Veranda RACE will serve as a ready reckoner towards grasping the necessary details to prepare for the Banking Mains Exam.

To supercharge your Bank exam preparation, we’ve attached the PDF version of this article from Veranda RACE to keep yourselves prepared for the Current Affairs part. Keep a keen eye over here for the latest updates for Bank PO, Bank Clerk, Bank SO, Insurance, SSC, TNPSC and other PSC exams from Veranda RACE.

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